ABSTRACT: Este ensayo analiza el conjunto de conocimientos o saber chicano en el contexto de la era global. Parte desde los procesos históricos que moldearon y llevaron a la institucionalización de este conocimiento, partiendo del movimiento chicano, particularmente el estudiantil, hasta los retos y las transformaciones de las subsecuentes décadas. En base a la trayectoria histórica del saber chicano, hago un pronóstico de su futuro y los retos que enfrentará, así como algunas estrategias que pudieran ser desarrolladas para adaptarse al nuevo orden global.

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ABSTRACT: Mientras el campo de World Englishes está bien desarrollado, el estudio del español está principalmente limitado a los estudios dialectales/sociolingüísticos sin investigar las consecuencias del español como lengua global. Por eso, el concepto de ‘españoles mundiales’ se basa en el paradigma de tres contextos de uso (interior, exterior y en expansión), que tienen poblaciones y usos de español distintos (Kachru 1985). Este ensayo pretende establecer el círculo exterior para el español, enfocándose en los factores sociolingüísticos de Guinea Ecuatorial y el Sahara Occidental para ayuda...

ABSTRACT: Brazil’s meteoric rise as Latin America’s economic superpower has prompted the United States government to reassess its strategic vision of South America and its relationship with Brazil. The next generation of US economic, business, political, and military leaders will likely be faced with a South American landscape heavily dominated by Brazil. The US Department of Defense (DoD) in particular has recognized the strategic importance of Brazil and the critical need for Portuguese language and culture training for military leaders involved in DoD missions in South America. This paper d...

ABSTRACT: On college campuses throughout the United States, classes for decades have been offered to help Spanish speakers learn Portuguese, augmented recently by similar courses in Italian, French, and Catalan. Though there exist numerous commonalities between these innovative course offerings, the pivotal role of Spanish stands out. This essay therefore introduces the concept of a pivot language: a widely spoken second language leveraged through explicit instruction to facilitate the learning of a related third language (L3). It is suggested that in an increasingly multilingual country, this...

ABSTRACT: The US Census projects that the Hispanic community in the United States will reach 128.8 million by 2060, and this growth requires a better understanding of Spanish as a heritage language (SHL). This essay examines three future areas of development within SHL instruction. First, more communication between communities of research and practice is necessary to improve classroom instruction. Second, novel SHL teaching materials ought to promote a “pedagogy of multiliteracies” approach. Lastly, we provide a discussion that moves beyond differentiated language instruction by considering SH...

ABSTRACT: US teacher education has been scrutinized for years. In this essay, the author discusses the four major questions that have driven educational reform. Afterward, a historical account of teacher education focusing on teacher certification, teacher testing, and the teaching of modern languages is presented. An international perspective is added by highlighting successful practices in Finland. The voices of several leaders in the field are also presented to offer readers insight into the future of language teacher education. The article concludes with proposals about future directions f...

ABSTRACT: We review the evolution of the modern language textbook, exploring its function in the curriculum of Spanish classes. In light of the advantages offered by new technological resources, we propose that the paper-based textbook has outlived its usefulness in today’s multidimensional world, both logistically and pedagogically. To demonstrate, we explore three aspects of the paperless classroom: a transformed focus, a design that makes learning visible, and digital implementation. Specific examples are from two projects for introductory and intermediate Spanish.

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ABSTRACT: Perspectives on the interplay of translation, interpreting, and language studies regularly position these related fields in various stages of tension. Renewed interest in translation and interpreting may lead to their incorporation in language programs in an effort to provide cross-cultural and translingual skills for graduates. Such curricular changes will result in several outcomes for these fields. First, formalized translation and interpreting programs will be established to prepare professional language service providers. Second, program graduates will be informed consumers of l...

ABSTRACT: Linguists are an increasing presence not only in graduate programs but at undergraduate institutions as well, and this could lead to positive interdisciplinary changes in curricula. Literary/cultural texts contain masterful examples of how linguistic features are used to communicate meaning, and learners need to notice these features in order to continue acquiring Spanish. One role that linguistic analysis can play in this ongoing process is to facilitate noticing. Such analysis is exemplified in four texts in which the manipulation of forms of address contributes to plot and charact...

ABSTRACT: In this conversation between three language teachers from the same family with different teaching backgrounds (a retired AP Spanish high school teacher, a Spanish linguistics university professor emeritus,and a Spanish professor at a liberal arts college), we consider the ways in which our field has changed over the course of our careers and how we envision the future of the field. We argue that determining howto teach second language learners, native speakers, and heritage speakers in the same classroom, while simultaneously meeting the language learning needs of each group, will de...

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